4Point communication company

КПДГ Конвенция

[Translate to Russian:] The CMR - Convention governs the carriage of goods by road. Every road trip that starts or finishes in countries which have ratified this convention, is subject to the CMR - Convention.


Usually, contracts are confirmed by the issue of a CMR consignment note, which must show the name and address of the consignee, consignor and carrier; a description of the goods; weight and number of packages etc.


It is important to note that, under the CMR, the exporter is legally responsible for the accuracy of the information in the CMR note. Therefore, the exporter should always make out, or supervise the making out of the note.


The carrier is liable for loss, damage, or delay of the goods between the time he takes charge of shipment and until the time shipment are delivered. Generally, the carrier is also liable for the acts of his principal, agents and sub-contractors. However, there are a number of expected perils, such as neglect, or wrong instructions of the claimant, inherent vice of the goods etc.


Compensation is calculated in relation to the value of the goods at the time and place at which they were accepted for carriage. Most European countries limit compensation to a specific amount of Special Drawing Rights (SDR) per kg of gross weight of the lost, or damaged goods.


Following countries have ratified the CMR Convention: Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, United Kingdom, Greece, Netherlands, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Morocco, Moldova, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, Serbia, Czech Republic, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Germany, Hungary, Uzbekistan and Austria


It is important to note that the CMR Convention is an international law and therefore invariable; meaning that all agreements between a client and a carrier which differ from the CMR Convention are null and void.